Zoltán Kodály (1882 -1967) was a famous Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist and pedagogue who was known internationally for having created the Kodály Method of teaching music. Kodály was born in Kecskemét, Hungary (formerly Austria) and learned to play the violin as a child. In 1902 he began studying composition at a university in Budapest and in 1905 he traveled to remote Hungarian villages to collect folk songs and record them on phonograph cylinders. He wrote a thesis titled: “Strophic Construction in Hungarian Folksong. “ A year later he met and befriended Béla Bartók, whom he introduced to his method of collecting folk songs and with him published editions of folk songs between 1906 and 1921.
Kodaly was deeply interested in music education and wrote an enormous amount of material on teaching methods, including several influential books. In 1935 he began a long-term project to reform music education in Hungarian schools and established a basic set of principles for what eventually became known as the Kodaly Method.
Below is a performance by Kurt Nikkanen and Daniel Gaisford of Kodály’s Duo for Violin and Cello.